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    How Far Should You Walk Your

    Small Breed Dog?

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    When it comes to owning and properly caring for a small breed dog, you need to ensure that it gets daily exercise and physical activity to stay healthy and happy.

    Dogs that lack sufficient activity can exhibit behavioral problems, come down with mental issues, and develop obesity problems. But daily exercise can help to ward off these negative outcomes. In addition to exercise, your dog needs a healthy diet, proper grooming, and good health supplements to keep it limber and up for the rigors of regular physical activity and exercise.

    If you’re wondering how far should you walk your small breed dog, read on for some tips.

    Deciding How Far to Go

    When considering how far you should walk your dog, you should think in terms of time, rather than distance. Because each dog breed is a little different and is of a different size, a 1-mile walk for a golden retriever is going to be vastly different than a 1-mile walk for a Chihuahua.

    A general rule of thumb is an average dog in good health should be able to easily tolerate a 30-minute walk daily. If you have a more active breed, as much as 60 minutes may be tolerable. An older dog or a breed that is more sedentary may be better served with a 15- or 20-minute walk.

    However, make sure you know whether your dog is healthy or not. Certain behaviors that may seem slightly weird may actually be signs of illness. This could impact the amount of time your dog requires to be walked significantly.

    Another strategy is to try breaking up the walk into two sessions. Perhaps a brisk 20-minute walk in the morning followed by a 45-minute walk in the evening would fit your schedule well. An older dog or a puppy may tolerate shorter, but more frequent, walks better.

    Keep an eye on the weather too. If it's a hot day, cut back on the walk time, especially if you're only able to walk on hot pavement. Or if your dog seems especially frisky on a cool autumn day, adding another 5 to 10 minutes to the walk shouldn't cause any problems.

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    Building Stamina

    As when humans begin an exercise program, it's also important when your dog begins going on regular walks to make sure you don't overdo the workout. Too much exercise will leave the dog sore and less willing to go on a walk the next time.

    Start slowly with the program and build up to the desired walking time. If you have a large dog, a gradual build-up of stamina is even more important to prevent joint injuries. Start with 10 minutes for a few days, then 15 minutes for a few days, and onward until you reach the ideal walking time.

    Be Smart on the Walk

    Always keep in mind just how far you are from home as you're going on the walk. If you're walking around the block, you'll end up close to home eventually.

  2. Can Dogs Eat Cheese 

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    Yes, dogs can eat cheese. In fact, cheese is often a great training tool, especially for puppies. But should dogs eat cheese? While some dogs can eat cheese, and most dogs love it, many dogs can be intolerant of cheese. Even for dogs that are able to tolerate cheese, it is probably best fed in moderation.

     

    Benefits of Cheese

    Cheese contains protein, calcium, vitamin A, essential fatty acids, and B-complex vitamins. Most dogs love cheese, and trainers often use it for treat-motivated dogs. This snack is also a good way to conceal pills for dogs that require medication.

    Feeding Cheese Safely to Your Dog

    While cheese can be safe to feed to your dog, there are some things to remember. Cheese is high in fat, and feeding too much to your dog regularly can cause weight gain and lead to obesity. Even more problematic, it could lead to pancreatitis, a serious and potentially fatal illness in dogs. In addition to the problems presented by the high-fat content, some cheeses contain herbs or other products that are toxic to dogs, such as garlic, onions, and chives.

    Therefore, it’s better to feed your dog low-fat cheeses, like mozzarella, cottage cheese, or a soft goat cheese. Cottage cheese is lower in fat and sodium than other cheeses, helping reduce the risk of obesity. Cottage cheese is also lower in lactose, thus reducing the likelihood of intestinal upset.

    Lactose Intolerance in Dogs

    Not all dogs digest cheese well, and while cheese contains little lactose when compared to whole milk, dogs with severe cases of lactose intolerance may have adverse reactions to cheese, even in small quantities. Observe your dog closely for signs of intestinal upset after feeding cheese for the first time, and consult your veterinarian with any questions you may have about adding cheese to your dog’s diet.

     

     

     

  3. Understanding a Dog's Sleeping Habits

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    Watching a dog take a nap can be an entertaining experience. Their legs twitch as if they are running. They yip, they snore and sometimes they even growl. Dogs have far different sleeping patterns than humans do, and understanding the way dogs sleep can help pet owners keep their dogs happy and healthy for a lifetime.

    How Much Sleep Do Dogs Need?

    Cats are famous for sleeping the day away, but dogs sleep quite a bit, as well. While owners are away at work all day and a pet’s stimulation is quite low, odds are the dog will sleep. Puppies sleep far more than adult dogs, as sleep is an important factor for raising a happy, well-adjusted dog. Owners of growing pups must balance out stimulation and exercise with plenty of rest.

    The sleep patterns of adult dogs depend upon the age of the pet, the daily activities of the pet, and even the size of the pet. Large breeds sleep far more than small breeds. It’s not uncommon for owners of Saint Bernards and Mastiffs to believe their dogs spend more time sleeping than they do in wakeful activities. A simple walk for a large dog can be enough to send the pooch into a two-hour nap.

    As a dog matures, he will sleep a bit less, but once a dog reaches its golden years, it’s likely that the dog will sleep early and often. As the body slows down and conditions like arthritis and hip dysplasia set in, dogs are far less apt to romp around the house or the yard. Typically, puppies sleep anywhere from 12-18 hours a day, adult dogs can sleep around 14 hours per day, large breeds may sleep up to 18, and elderly dogs can sleep even more.

     

     

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    Do Dogs Dream?

    The noises and movements that dogs make during a nap seem to be clear indications that dogs do, in fact, dream. Why animals dream has long been a topic of scientific debate, but one of the most widely accepted theories is that dreams are a vehicle for processing all of the data that the brain takes in throughout the day. Just as a computer needs to reboot from time to time, so does the brain.

    Researchers have studied the brain waves of dogs during the sleep cycle and compared them to human brains, and they have discovered similar results, further strengthening the theory that dogs dream. Dogs experience two stages of sleep, the stage knows as rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, and slow wave sleep (SWS). SWS is the early stage of sleep; the “dozing off” period. Mental functions are slowed down, but the body is still engaged.

    REM sleep is the deeper stage of sleep, at it is recognizable from eye-darting movements, body twitches, and noise. Fast brain wave patterns recorded during dogs’ REM sleep cycles indicate that the physical activity is a manifestation of a dream state. While all dogs experience these two stages of the sleep cycle, the amount of sleep that a dog requires depends on several variables including breed, size, age and lifestyle.

     

    Exercise is Critical for Managing Sleep

    Dogs that do not engage in exercise and mentally stimulating play throughout the day will sleep far longer than their active counterparts. And while it may seem counterintuitive, inactive may also suffer from insomnia. If a dog sleeps all day, it’s likely he won’t be ready to turn in for a long night with the rest of the family. Insomnia from inactivity is especially common in small breeds or among dogs that live an urban lifestyle, where they don’t get out and run regularly.

    Owners should commit to exercising their dogs at least 30 minutes a day, though large breeds and working breeds will require much more. Walking a dog before and after work can help significantly manage sleep, and scheduling some one-on-one play time is also good for developing healthy sleep patterns. When a dog is left alone during the day, owners should leave behind interesting, puzzle-like toys – the kind where a dog must work to find a treat, for example – in order to keep their bodies and minds stimulated when they are left alone.

    Dogs are creatures that like to play hard and sleep hard. Having a dog that sleeps the day away is perfectly normal, as long as his activities are balanced to include proper physical and mental stimulation.

     

     

     

  4. Why Does My Dog... Look Guilty?

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    We often assume that our guilty because of the way they act when we catch them doing something they’re not supposed to do. This guilty look — which we are all familiar with from various Internet memes — is frequently perceived as a canine acknowledgement of wrongdoing or as an expression of remorse. But in reality, your dog’s guilty look means something vastly different

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    What Guilty Looks Like

    A dog’s posturing may translate as “guilty” because of the lowered, insecure movements reminiscent of how a human may act when feeling ashamed and repentant. The “guilty” dogmay squint his eyes and blink more frequently. He may also avoid eye contact or lower his head and look at you with the whites of his eyes exposed.

    He may press his ears back, closer to his head. He may lick his lips and yawn, lower his tail and sink to the ground in a cowering motion. He may also turn away from the scene of the crime, as though he’s so embarrassed by what he’s done that he cannot face the aftermath.


    But your dog’s guilty look may not indicate guilt at all; instead, it is most likely a reaction to a human’s upset or angry response. Two studies, one led by Alexandra Horowitz and the other by Julie Hecht, found that when a dog is confronted by an angry or upset owner, he is more likely to present the guilty look, independent of actual guilt or innocence. 

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    Bad Dog? Maybe Not

    In Horowitz’s study, a treat was placed in front of a dog. The dog’s owner commanded him not to eat it and then left the room. Horowitz gave some dogs treats but not others. “In some trials the owners were told that their dog had eaten the forbidden treat; in others, they were told their dog had behaved properly and left the treat alone,” ScienceDaily reported in 2009. The owners were not necessarily told the truth about whether their dogs had eaten the treats or not.

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  5. fabulous handmade dog beds spooky

    When Your Dog Barks At Nothing, Are They Really Barking At Ghosts?

     

    Rachel Crocetti

    If you are the owner of a dog, you may have asked yourself at some point if your pup can see things you can’t. I mean, sometimes pups will stand somewhere in a house and bark at seemingly nothing.

     

    It’s even spookier when the dog is looking directly at a wall or area of a room while barking, and you see nothing.

    The question of whether or not dogs can sense the supernatural has been researched extensively by scientists.

    According to Animal Planet, this “sixth sense” that many dog owners believe their pups have could be a result of dog senses being stronger than that of a human’s.

     

    Dogs have exceptional hearing and sense of smell, and a dog’s view allows him to sense small movements with his sight as well. They can see delicate movements, have a sense of smell 1,000 to 10,000 times stronger than that of humans, and can hear at higher frequencies.

    There have been many claims of dogs who have sensed when a family member or owner was going to pass away. Also, there are many instances where dogs will remain by their owner’s bedside as they are dying, or even by their grave after they have passed.

    Pet psychologist Marti Miller believes that both humans and dogs possess a sixth sense that connects them to the paranormal. The catch is that humans judge or deny what they are feeling while dogs “don’t judge what is going on in the environment,” theoretically making them more sensitive to supernatural goings on.

     

     

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    With these crazy dog senses, canines are often able to sense danger before humans can. For example, before the tsunami in 2004, many animals, including dogs, exhibited behavioral differences and ran for cover or refused to go outside. Animal experts believe they could have possibly felt the vibrational changes before the earthquakes shook things up.

    The truth is, because dogs can’t offer their explanation, there’s no telling the reason behind a dog barking at what seems like nothing. Until a dog can tell us about Caspar the friendly ghost taking residence in our home, we won’t know whether or not Fido can sense ghosts. Miller states that there’s no way to know if dogs can actually see ghosts or not, but she does believe that “if you observe a dog standing in the corner, barking at nothing visible, then there’s a pretty good chance that he’s barking at an entity, spirit, or energy that doesn’t belong there.”

    So whether your pup is barking at an energy or spirit from someone who has passed, or is just barking at a wafting smell of something tasty that your neighbor is cooking, we may never really know for sure. What we do know is that dogs are pretty awesome, and these superhero senses that they have only make them even cooler.